Vannevar Bush: As We May Think, Atlantic Monthly, July 1945

Source: theatlantic.com

As the head of the U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD) Vannevar Bush has been coordinating the work of around 6000 leading American scientists in the in the application of science to warfare during the second World War.

Ted Nelson: A New Home for the Mind, Datamation, March 1982

Source: archive.org

The text was published on the 25th anniversary of the establishment of the Datamation magazine. In the article Nelson foretells today’s technology: easy-to-use personal computer interface, World Wide Web, network applications, HTML.

Theodor H. Nelson, Publishing in the Point-and-Click Universe, a National Convergence Conference '94, Sydney. Text of the presentation of April 1994.

T. H. Nelson, Literary Machines, Mindful Press, 1990

T. H. Nelson, Computer Lib/Dream Machines, Tempus Books, 1987

E-mail address: ted@xanadu.net (Ted Nelson)

George P. Landow: Hypertext and Critical Theory, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992. Chapter One: Hypertextual Derrida, Poststructuralist Nelson?

Source: cyberartsweb.org

Landow is a professor of English Literature and Art History at Brown University. The text published here is the first chapter of his book published in 1992, which he also reworked into hypertext interface.

Home page: landow.com

E-mail address: george@landow.com

Ian Feldman: Ted Nelson 1990 World Tour, TidBITS#30/Xanadu, November 15, 1990.

Source: xanadu.com.au
“Xanadu”, “Hyperformance”, “Point-and-Click Universe”, and the eternally flaming “X” symbol are the protected trademarks of the Xanadu project.

Xanadu can be found:

Orality and Hypertext: An Interview with Ted Nelson by Jim Whitehead

Chuck Clifton: Douglas Engelbart

In the late 1940s, Douglas Engelbart stationed in the Philippines as a solider and read Vannevar Bush’s study As We May Think in the local Red Cross Library. He took Bush’s idea on machines helping human cognition seriously. Later, while working in the Ames Aeronautical Laboratory, he developed principles that form the basis of today’s computer interfaces.
In 1994 he receives the Computer World Smithsonian Award from the Smithsonian Institution. A transcript of his autobiographical interview can be found ont he Smithsonian website.
From 1989 until his death in 2013 he was the head of the Boostrap Institute he founded: dougengelbart.org

D. Engelbart (1963), A Conceptual Framework of the Augmentation of Man’s Intellect, in: HyperAge, p.12-16, May-June, 1988.


In compiling the chronology, I relied ont he materials of various historical databases, which can be found in large numbers on the internet – such as faced.ufba.br – and other sources. Religion is the very first user of effective information preservation methods, therefore we can find such a large number of examples among the early hypertext solutions, that here we can only highlight some of them occasionally. The same conditions apply to the literature, as well.

List of sources

Differently from the usual list of sources, the editor recommends that anyone who after this brief introduction wants to take a serious look at the various aspects and theories of hypermedia, should use one of the search engines of WWW to “hypermedia” or “hypermedia theory” and find a lot of default material. (Of course, many other terms, such as hypertext, docuverse, memey, nsl, or the names of the cited authors will also yield results.)
I would only recommend a few sites. For those who don’t want to search, but would like to get one of the best sources of hypermedia, I would suggest visiting marist.edu felkeresését.
At pespmc1.vub.ac.be one can find the Principia Cybernetica site, which is one of the most important nodes in media theory, as well as CTheory: ctheory.net.

The publishers of this anthology did not feel it their task to consistently apply terminology that was not established in the Hungarian language yet.

(János Sugár)

For a detailed bibliography of the topic, see George P. Landow’s text Hypertextual Derrida, Poststructuralist Nelson?

Further recommended literature:

Jay David Bolter, Writing Space: The Computer, Hypertext, and the History of Writing, Erlbaum, 1991
N. Yankelovich, N. Meyrowitz, and Andries van Dam, Reading and Writing the Electronic Book, in: Hypermedia and Literary Studies, Cambridge, MIT Press, 1991
Michael Heim, Metaphisics of Virtual Reality, Oxford University Press, 1993
Walter J. Ong, Interfaces of the World, Ithaca and London, Cornell University Press, 1977