[introduction]  [1956-1969]  [1970-1979]  [1980-1989]  [1990-1998]


1970: Géza Perneczky includes a sheet of stamps inscribed "SIMULATION OF ARTS" in the first issue of his self-made booklet series. He designs a postbox “Only for T-formed consignments” in the fifth issue.

1970-1973: Chapel Studio, Balatonboglár, György Galántai’s “Artistic spaceproject”, a meeting place for Avant-garde art (exhibitions, lectures, concerts)

December 1970: Endre Tót’s flat, Budapest: the participants of the “R”exhibition (“an exhibition of Hungarian neo-Avant-garde") compile a joint international mailing list to which they send the catalogue of the show with the postal addresses of the participating artists

1971: Árpád Ajtony and Béla Hap launch the EXPRESSZió self-manipulated dissolved/spreading magazine (“What does the Hungarian underground movement want? To be unidentifiable, unanalysable, an outsider, elusive, uncorruptible art. PRIVATE ART. Who does it address? Itself. Artists address other artists. Everyone with a genuine interest.”Béla Hap)

1 July 1971: Chapel Studio, Balatonboglár: Szentjóby Tamás: “A-B happening”, Parallel course ‘study field’, initiation ritual. Designed and moderated byJános Baksa-Soós and Tamás Szentjóby

1971-1974: Balatonboglár-Budapest: György Galántai’s art action correspondence with the authorities (with a non-artistic content)

4 August 1971:31 Hungarian conceptual artists send their works responding to László Beke’s call “WORK = the DOCUMENTATION OF THE IMAGINATION/IDEA”. The project significantly contributed to the spread of Hungarian conceptual art and correspondence art. (Péter Türk sent his "Stamp authorized with a postal stamp", Attila Csáji sent a work with a return envelope.)

1971: The beginning of correspondence activity among Hungarian conceptual artists: Gábor Attalai, Imre Bak, András Baranyai, László Beke, Tibor Csiky, György Galántai, Gyula Gulyás, István Haraszty, Tamás Hencze, János Major, Dóra Maurer, Gyula Pauer, Tamás Szentjóby, Endre Tót, Péter Türk etc.

1971.(?): Gyula Gulyás posted leaves to his artist colleagues

October 1971: Endre Tót’s “Gladness”, “Rain” and “Zéro”works – which he also sent by post to his artist colleagues – are exhibited for the first time in the "Envois" (consignments) section of the 7th Paris Biennale

1971: Endre Tót is the first Hungarian artist whose mail art works are published abroad, namely in J. M. Poinsot’s book titled "Mail art, communication à distance, concept"

20 October 1971: Gyula Pauer’s circular letter "ART COLLECTING ACTION" is a reply to László Beke’s circular letter "Ideas". The museum cards for the pseudo art collection are filled in and posted back by 14 artists.

February 1972: Gyula Pauer sends his circular letter “Death Project” to 13 Hungarian artists, six of whom reply. Pauer does not open the return envelopes sent to him.

1972-78: Klaus Groh’s (GFR) two-page artist’s newsletter “IAC INFO” containing numerous project calls and titles significantly helps Hungarian artists to expand their mailing network

March 1972-December1973: László Beke’s four "mail art" newsletters for Hungarian artists

March 1972: FLUXUS WEST, San Diego, California, USA. Ken Friedman publishes AN INTERNATIONAL CONTACT LIST under the title 1233 in conjunction with Transcanadian Fluxus, Ltd. c/o Image Bank; of the addresses of Hungarian artists those of Gábor Altorjay (Cologne) and Gábor Attalai are included.

March 1972: László Beke’s “COBBLESTONES AND GRAVESTONES” project

13 March 1972: Gyula Gulyás posts a cobblestone painted red-white-green (the national colours of Hungary) to Endre Tót (in honour of 15 March).

17 April 1972-23 September 1973: Tibor Csiky sends 7 postcard works to Imre Bak

30 April 1972: 28-30 Bercsényi Street, Budapest: "AVANT-GARDE FESTIVAL" with 41 participants, organised by László Beke /banned/

May 1972: Poznań, Poland: “NET” global address list with numerous Eastern European artists’ addresses; 8 Hungarians out of the total of 210 (project by J. Kozlowski and A. Kostolowski)

May 1972: Chapel Studio, Balatonboglár “Spontaneous action” – participants: Miklós Erdély, Tibor Gáyor, György Jovánovics, Dóra Maurer, Tamás Szentjóby.

24 May-18 June 1972: László Beke launches a 32-page artist’s periodical titled Ahogy azt a Móriczka elképzeli ["In Your Dreams! How little Móricka imagines things”] including mail art calls on the last page.

June 1972: Klaus Groh’sbook "Aktuelle Kunst in Osteuropa" (DuMont, Cologne) is published, also containing works sent by Hungarian artists

June 1972: J. H. Kocman and Jiri Valoch (Czechoslovakia) invite Hungarian artists to take part in land art, body art, etc. art post exhibitions.

2 July 1972: Chapel Studio, Balatonboglár: György Galántai posts a mail work stamped CHAPEL=STUDIO in 146 numbered copies.

6-9 July 1972: Chapel Studio, Balatonboglár: "DIRECT WEEK" (the “cancelled” AVANT-GARDE FESTIVAL of 30 April). Organised by Gyula Pauer and Tamás Szentjóby.

6-9 July 1972: Chapel Studio, Balatonboglár: Tamás Szentjóby, Exclusion exercise: "Punishment-prevention autotherapy" ("ANYONE CAN ASK ANYTHING ABOUT SELF-JUDGEMENT and CAN ASK THE FOLLOWING: ARE ALL HUMAN LIFE PLANS THAT EXCLUDE EVEN JUST ONE OTHER PERSON IMMORAL?").

6-9 July 1972: Chapel Studio, Balatonboglár: Péter Legéndy’s “Appeal form” project with 41 participants

6-9 July 1972: Chapel Studio, Balatonboglár: Endre Tót sends a telegram and a letter from Budapest. (“If you read this, I will love you. Endre Tót").

10 July–3 August 1972: Chapel Studio, Balatonboglár: István Haraszty’s interactive sound mobile titled "VURSLICER" (the singing of Hanna Honthy can be paused for 2 minutes by inserting 2 forints)

14 June 1972: "World-Famous World-Archives of ideas, concepts, projects, etc." - László Beke’s international call

27 July 1972: Chapel Studio, Balatonboglár: “You will open the exhibition today.” István Haraszty and György Galántai responsibility assumption action with audience participation

30 July 1972: publication of the Hungarian SCHMUCK (BEAU GESTE PRESS) – the Hungarian issue of the international avant-garde periodical

26-27 August 1972: Chapel Studio, Balatonboglár: "Meeting of Czech, Slovak and Hungarian artists" and an exhibition with the participation of 23 artists, organised by László Beke

early October 1972: Ruzomberok, Slovakia:Imre Bak is among the particiants of the "Mariage de..." art marriage project by Alex Mlynarcik.

October 1972: Cité des Arts, Paris: Gyula Konkoly exhibits the correspondence material sent to him from Budapest by Endre Tót.

January 1973: Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, England: "FLUXSHOE" exhibition; Hungarian participants: Tibor Gáyor, Dóra Maurer and Endre Tót (organised by David Mayor)

1973: seven Hungarian artists send works to KONTAKTOR943, issue 2 of the MIXED UP UNDERGROUND assembling type Novi Sad periodical published in 30 copies. Organised by Attila Csernik and Bálint Szombathy.

April 1973: Budapest: György Galántai’s postcard action for the “Packaged Exhibition” expressing his protest against the jury’s handling of him

1973 (?): Budapest: postal stamp action (?) by TiborHajas

May 1973: Yoslyn Art Museum, Omaha: international exhibition titled "OMAHA FLOW SYSTEMS" with the participation of many Hungarian artists, organised by Ken Friedman

12 May 1973: University Theatre, Budapest: "FLUX-CONCERT", moderated by László Beke and Tamás Szjoby /banned/

June 1973: - Studentskog Centra, Zagreb, Yugoslavia: exhibition titled "XEROX" with 7 Hungarian participants

24 June–7 July 1973: Chapel Studio, Balatonboglár: “János Major’s Coat”. Collaboration between Miklós Erdély, György Jovánovics and János Major

July 1973(?): Chapel Studio, Balatonboglár: Tibor Hajas’postcard project titled “Do you see it like this?”With a postcard of the Parliament

5-11 August 1973: Chapel Studio, Balatonboglár: "Tükör-Mirror-Spiegel-Miroir" international exhibition with the participation of 35 artists, organised by László Beke

19-25 (26) August 1973: Chapel Studio, Balatonboglár: "Szövegek/Texts" – the first international visual, experimental poetry exhibition in Hungary, with 56 participants, organised by Dóra Maurer and Gábor Tóth

1973-1975: 20 Dohány Street, Budapest: Péter Halász’"FLAT THEATRE" project ("intellectual-lifestylisticcommune")

November 1973: New Reform Gallery, Aalst, the Netherlands: "Creative Postcards" international exhibition; Hungarian participants: Imre Bak and Endre Tót

9-28 December 1973: Pécs Workshop, Pécs: "Szövegek/Texts" international visual, experimental poetry exhibition organised by Dóa Maurer

16 December 1973: publication of László Szabó’s "Happening in the Crypt" in the Sunday cultural supplement of the daily paper Népszabadság [People’s Freedom]

22-() February 1974: Young Artists’ Club, Budapest. "VISUAL/POEM” experimental poetry exhibition organised by Dóra Maurer and László Beke

1974: Endre Tót’s stamp sheet titled "ZEROPOST" is published by the Edition Gallery Howeg, Switzerland.

1974: Works by Gábor Attalai, Imre Bak, László Beke, Géza Perneczky, Endre Tót and János Urbán are included in Hervé Fischer’s book "ART ET COMMUNICATION MARGINALE" about artists’ rubber stamps.

April 1974: Young Artists’ Club, Budapest: Miklós Erdély organizes a lecture series titled "EVENT HORIZON" addressing natural science issues impacting art

22-23 May 1974: Young Artists’ Club, Budapest: Erik Satie’s "VEXATIONS" is performed by Zoltán Jeney, László Sáry, László Vidovszky and others.

10 June 1974: Ernst Museum, Budapest. György Galántai explores the possibility of imaginary correspondence art in his conceptual art work titled "Visual action model" exhibited in the Studio of Young Artists.

September 1974: Galeria U, Montevideo: “FESTIVAL DE LA POSTAL CREATIVE” international mail art exhibition with many Hungarian participants; organised by Clemente Padin

29 October-15 November 1974: Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada: “Artist's Stamps and Stamp Images" with the participation of 35 artists and 7 groups from 9 countries; organised by Jas. W. Felter. Endre Tót’s stamp sheet titled "ZEROPOST" is included in the world’s first artistamp exhibition

October-November 1974: Endre Tót’s "zero" mail works are published in the Eastern Europe section of the Milanese "flash art" magazine.

1975: Árpád fenyvesi Tóth makes duplicates of his first STRIPPs, which he starts posting from Debrecen after joining the reserves there.

March-May 1975: Zsigmond Károlyi’s “My Studio” communication project. He has his work evaluated on duplicated forms.

September 1975: Ferencvárosi Pincetárlat (Cellar Exhibition in Ferencváros), Budapest: György Galántai’s “mail art” type invitation bearing half of a rubber stamped image with the inscription "COUNTER-VALUE" to be completed at the exhibition

September 1975-1977: Ganz-Mávag Cultural Centre, Józsefváros Artists’ Circle, Budapest: "CREATIVITY EXERCISES" (Movement design and implementation actions), led by Miklós Erdély and Dóra Maurer; with the participation of György Galántai

28 November 1975: Young Artists’ Club, Budapest: exhibition of Ken Friedman’s art documents, organised by László Beke

2-() January 1976: Young Artists’s Club, Budapest: "MOEBIUS" exhibition organised by Miklós Erdély

1976: active correspondence of many years starts between Árpád fenyvesi Tóth and Robin Crozier (UK)

7 March 1976: Rózsa Presszó (Café Rose), Budapest: first “rose action” titled "ARTIFICIAL BREATHING", a project by 14 artists

March 1976: The most extensive list of art-related addresses called “ART DIARY 1976” is published by Giancarlo Politi. 250-page guidebook with 5,000 addresses from 22 countries. Contents: artists (23 Hungarian), critics (6 Hungarian), galleries, museums, hotels, restuarants, etc.

11 April 1976 Rózsa Presszó, Budapest: second “rose action” titled "WATER AND COMMUNICATION”, a project by 13 artists

30 April-5 May 1976: Young Artists’ Club, Budapest: David Zack communications art show, organised by László Beke

29 May-20 June 1976: Józsefváros Exhibition Hall, Budapest: "CREATIVITY and VISUALITY" – an exhibition documenting creativity exercises, directed by Miklós Erdély and Dóra Maurer

July 1976: György Galántai makes his first artist’s stamp for the postcard invitation of his exhibition in Studio Gallery; the event is opened by Miklós Erdély’s “flag action”.

18 September 1976: Young Artists’ Club, Budapest: project titled “REAL SPACETIME POIPOIDROM NR 1” by Robert Filliou and Joachim Pfeufer, organised by László Beke

15 October 1976: Young Artists’ Club, Budapest: exhibition of Robert and Ruth Rehfeldt (networkers from the GDR), organised by László Beke

December 1977-May 1978: Víziváros Club, Budapest. Miklós Erdély continues his creativity exercises under the title "BLOCKHEAD" (imagination development exercises).

8-23 April 1978: Szolnok Mini Gallery: Árpád fenyvesi Tóth exhibits his "ACTION POST" mail art project; 25 participants; opened by Zoltán Bakos

() March 1978: Iparterv, Budapest: Miklós Erdély’s event titled "EXPERIENCE—COMMUNICATION", with the participation of Ákos Birkás, András Halász and Zsigmond Károlyi

9-16 May 1978: Bercsényi 28-30, Budapest: exhibition titled "false, quasi, meta architecture" with 24 participants

6-27 August 1978: Gallery Forty, Eger, “Graphic works carrying messages" – works received by post primarily from the collection of Imre Bak and Dóra Maurer Dóra, organised by András Bán

24 October 1978 Fészek (Nest) Club, Budapest: György Galántai’s exhibition is opened by Anna Banana (USA) networker and neo-dada performance artist by reading out András Bán’s text written in Hungarian. Galántai “joins” the network by sending out a catalogue-poster documenting the event among other things.

2 November 1978: KISZ (Association of Young Communists) Cellar Club of the Marczibányi Square Cultural Centre, Budapest: exhibition and discussion titled "CHARCOAL AND CHARCOAL DRAWINGS", designed and implemented by the visitors of the IN-DI-GO course; course led by Miklós Erdély

8-14 December 1978: Young Artists’ Club, Budapest: exhibition titled "FROM BOOK WORKS TO MAIL WORKS", curated by Ulises Carrión, Other Books and So., Netherlands; organised by András Bán

December 1978: the Hungarian issue of Ulises Carrión’s periodical titled "EPHEMERA" is compiled by György Galántai.

18 January 1979: MOM Cultural Centre, Budapest: "SAND and its movements"exhibition in the INDIGO CLUB; event led by Miklós Erdély

2-28 1979: Józsefváros Exhibition Hall, Budapest: exhibition titled "PHOTOGRAMS" with many participants 

13-19 February 1979: Bercsényi 28-30: exhibition marking the foundation of The Museum of Hungarian Avant-garde Art project; organised by András Bán

1979: Árpád Fenyvesi Tóth participates in the Hungarian Avant-Garde Museum project with his "HAND and IDEA" project

15 February 1979: MOM Cultural Centre, Budapest: exhibition titled "WEIGHT" in the INDIGO CLUB, led by Miklós Erdély

22 March 1979: MOM cultural Centre, Budapest: exbibition of the Indigo group titled "PAINTING"

25 March 1979: Foundation of “Artpool". At the start Artpool exclusively operated through the use of postal services. Artpool projects received publicity at shows called APS-s (Artpool’s Periodical Space) organised at the most varied locations. The archive and the collections are the result of the materials of the various projects and an intensive exchange

19 April 1979: MOM Cultural Centre, Budapest. The Indigo group performs actions titled "FAITH / LOYALTY" led by Miklós Erdély.

1979: the beginning of the "Operation Round Trip" mail art relationship between György Galántai and G. A. Cavellini (continued envelopes)

21 June-5 August 1979: Artpool’s first "ART TRIP" project in Italy

30 June 1979: MOM Cultural Centre, Budapest. End-of the-year exhibition of Indigo titled “ARTISTS’ EXIT

September 1979: Young Artists’ Club, Budapest (APS no.1): "TELEPATHIC MUSIC no. YOUNG ARTISTS’ CLUB: loving memory / heartfelt good wishes / handshakes / ROBERT FILLIOU / September 1979" – in his postcard Robert Filliou asks György Galánti to post the above text in the Young Artists’ Studio. Galántai makes a poster from the text, hangs it on the wall, documents it and sends it to Filliou. (Filliou’s text is a reference to his 1996 Budapest exhibition organised by László Beke).

October 1979: György Galántai’ call for participation in the first Hungarian/international assembling titled "Textile – without textile" (with intellectual support from András Bán and Péter Fitz) relating to the exhibition with the same title in the Young Artists’ Club. 52 artists send works to the folder circulated in 300 copies.

November 1979: András Lengyel publishes his first "cloud postcards" and circulates it by post.

12-24 November 1979: PIK (Paper Industry Club), Csepel, Budapest. (APS no. 2) an exhibition titled "PACCO dall´ ITALIA" (Italian package) is planned to be organised from the visual and sound poetry as well as mail art works collected during Artpool’s first art trip. (The exhibition is banned by the Budapest Fine Arts Directorate during its organization.)

30 November 1979: Young Artists’ Club, Budapest: "Visit to Budapest" exhibition by networker Robin Crozier, organised by András Bán. In preparation for the exhibition a photocopied booklet titled "a visit to Budapest in November 1979 by Robin Crozier, who lives in Sunderland - England (Budapest is in Hungary)" and containing a call to add texts, drawings and start correspondences was posted.

7-13 December 1979: Young Artists’ Club, Budapest: the exhibition of Aart van Barneveld (Netherlands) from his Amterdam "Stempelplaats" rubber stamp imprints and publications; exhibition of networker and archivist Ulises Carrión titled "NAMES AND ADDRESSES - Verbal, Visual, and Aural Works - 1973-1979" organised by András Bán

Compiled from Artpool’s documentation by György Galántai in 1998. Please refer to the source if you use any part of this text.

(English translation: Krisztina Sarkady, 2016)

[introduction] [1956-1969] [1970-1979] [1980-1989] [1990-1998]

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